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Thesis

Prevalence of visual conditions in a clinical pediatric population

1 May 1998

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this retrospective study is to provide prevalence information about the visual conditions affecting the Pacific University Family Vision Centers' pediatric population. It includes information about the common chief complaints that motivated parents to bring their children in for eye exams, and the clinician's recommended treatments.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all records for pediatric patients seen in 1997 at Pacific University's Forest Grove and Portland clinics. There were 245 total patient encounters, 145 of these were new patients and 100 were established patients.

Results: The most common diagnosis in new patients was hyperopia (84.8%). Strabismus was diagnosed 15 times (10.3%). Fifty-nine patients presented with no chief complaint, and 18 presented with a parental concern of an eye tum.

Conclusion: The prevalence data from this study is important for the faculty and administrators at Pacific University College of Optometry, as well as for other clinicians. It adds to the data which supports the need for a strategic exam sequence which includes an assessment of both refractive status and binocular status.


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