Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a somewhat poorly understood and controversial pain syndrome effecting approximately 5 million persons in the United States. The pathophysiology of fibromyalgia is not completely understood and traditional therapy includes pharmacologic agents of mixed effectiveness.
Method: An exhaustive literature search was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, EBMR multifile, and Web of Science using the search terms fibromyalgia, yoga, treatment, and adult. Reference lists from identified articles were also reviewed for additional studies. Two studies met the criteria of this systematic review.
Results: Two studies met the eligibility criteria. Both were randomised controlled trials, one conducted at Oregon Health and Sciences University in Portland, OR and the other in India. The participant demographics between studies were similar with respect to age and race.
Conclusion: The benefits of yoga in the treatment of adult women with fibromyalgia are promising but preliminary. More studies are needed to adequately address the potential benefits of yoga for treatment of fibromyalgia. Future research is warranted on this topic due to its potential impact on changing the management of fibromyalgia patients, reducing strain on the healthcare system, and lowering costs for patients.
Keywords: Fibromyalgia, yoga, treatment, adult.
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