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Dissertation

The influence of screen time on adult symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

20 July 2012

Abstract

This study examined whether there is a correlation between symptoms of adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and television, Internet, and/or video game use. It was hypothesized that individuals who self-report more ADHD symptoms would indicate correspondingly higher rates of total screen time. 110 adult participants completed a questionnaire that focused on self-reported use of television, Internet, and video games. Participants also filled out the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) in order to measure adult ADHD symptoms, and were categorized into ADHD YES and ADHD NO groups based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. Results showed that participants in the ADHD YES group spent significantly more time on the Internet during the weekend (t(99)=2.70, p < .05), and that ADHD symptoms had a significant positive correlation with time spent on the Internet, but again only during the weekend (r(100)=.22, p < .05). No other results were found to support the hypothesis. Based on the results of this study, it does not appear that there is a significant relationship between adult ADHD symptoms, and amount of time spent using television, Internet on the weekdays, video games, or total screen time.


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