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Thesis

Depression and stage of change for exercise

20 April 2007

Abstract

This paper compares the scores on the Beck Depression Inventory - 2nd editon (BDI-II) for people in different stages of change regarding exercise. A sample of229 college students18 years of age and over (74 men, 155 women) was given the BDI-II and two Stage of Change measures regarding exercise derived using the Transtheoretical Model. Subjects also completed a timed task asking them to list advantages and disadvantages of exercise. It was hypothesized that BDI-II scores would be higher at earlier stages of change (i.e. people who report more symptoms of depression will be at an earlier stage of change regarding exercise). It was also hypothesized that BDI-Il scores would be negatively correlated with advantages listed for exercise (i.e. people who report more symptoms of depression would list fewer advantages of exercise). Results were not statistically significant for the two hypotheses. However, there was an overrepresentation of participants who scored 14 or above on the BDI-II in the contemplation stage, compared to those who scored 13 or lower. Implications of the findings are discussed and suggestions are made for future research.


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