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Dissertation

Gender differences in the expression of depressive symptoms on the Beck Depression Inventory

26 July 2004

Abstract

This dissertation examines how the genders differ in their expression of depressive symptoms in an effort to explore whether depression is experienced differently by men and women. To this end, I review gender differences in endorsement of symptoms on a commonly used measure of depressive symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). I also review literature about gender stereotypes. The study trends are summarized and then compared to predictions based on gender stereotypes. Possible explanations are explored for the BDI-based findings and their conformance with gender stereotypes. The imp1ications that these conclusions could have for clinical work are discussed, and suggestions for future research are offered.


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