This study on self-esteem differences and participation in P.E. classes was conducted to discover whether self esteem is a factor in why boys participate more actively than do girls in a middle school physical education class, and what other factors may influence P.E. class participation. This Qualitative research focused on the following questions: 1) How do issues of self-esteem of middle school boys and girls affect participation in a physical education class? 2) How does self-esteem differ between middle school boys and girls in a physical education class? 3) What factors influence activity levels of students in a physical education class? 4) What steps can be taken to assist students in becoming more confident to increase activity in a physical education class? Data for this study were gathered from observing students in a middle school physical education class, conducting student surveys, and interviewing experts. It was found that Middle School boys have higher self-esteem in a P.E. class than do girls. Experts agree that self-esteem has an effect on the participation levels of students. The more confident they are, the more actively they will participate. Even though self-esteem does affect activity level, it is not the only factor in determining the activity level of the student. Other factors that determine activity level in a P.E. class are different values, physical development, and choices of activities.
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