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Capstone

Knowledge of Extrinsic Fall Risk Factors in Elders 65 Years and Older: The efficacy of an education program

1 May 2000

Abstract

Falls are a serious health problem in people over 65-years-old. It is estimated that one out of every three people in this population fall each year. Furthermore, 85% of falls occur in the home as a result of preventable extrinsic risk factors. Currently, there is limited research evaluating seniors awareness of fall prevention within the home. The purpose of this study was to determine: the knowledge base of elders 65 years and older, in regards to fall prevention within their home environment, and to determine the effectiveness of a fall prevention program. Subjects were recruited from senior centers and retirement communities (n= 28) and divided into either an experimental (n= 14) or test group (n= 14). A pre-test/post-test format was followed. Between tests, the experimental group viewed a fall prevention education video, whereas the control group viewed a senior health education video.

Results of a pre-test/post-test score comparison revealed no statistical significance between the control and the experimental group post-test scores. Although this study failed to show the efficacy of an education program, falls continue to be a serious problem in this age group. Further research should be pursued to determine an effective way to educate this population in regards to fall prevention in the home.


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