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Dissertation

Effects of a Mindfulness Intervention on Quality of Life for Older Adults

1 January 2017

Abstract

Research has demonstrated support of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for a variety of concerns; however, little research has been conducted on the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions for older adults. For the current study, an 8-week mindfulness intervention that is an adapted version of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) was conducted with older adults living in residential facilities. Data were collected through self-report measures at four time points that assessed aspects of quality of life and dispositional mindfulness to test the hypotheses that participation in a mindfulness intervention would result in significant increases in perceptions of quality of life and dispositional mindfulness that would persist over time. Paired samples t tests and reliable change analyses were conducted to evaluate data. Results showed promising outcomes in support of the hypotheses tested, with a trend indicating that participation in a mindfulness intervention was associated with improvements in quality of life, most substantially in the domains of physical health and social relationships. Results also showed a trend toward increases in levels of dispositional mindfulness with participation in a mindfulness intervention. Although results were promising, small sample sizes and other study limitations led to non-significant results for many of the analyses. Limitations and directions for future research are addressed.


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