The one time cross sectional study by Tasiemski, Kennedy, Gardner, and Taylor (2005) showed that higher satisfaction with life in general was demonstrated in respondents with SCI involved in sports or physical recreation compared to those not participating in physical activities.
The cross sectional study by Kennedy, Lude and Taylor (2006) found that areas of unmet needs for a European community sample of people with SCI includes levels of occupation, sexual activity and pain relief.
The cross sectional study by Loy, Datillo, Kleiber and Hutchinson (2002) results indicated that individuals who did not display depression symptoms had a wider repertoire of leisure activities and perceived more freedom in their leisure.
The cross sectional study by Carpenter, Forwell, Jongbloed, and Backman (2007) results indicate that life satisfaction is more strongly related to community participation than impairment and activity limitations.
The cross sectional study by MacDonald, Nielson, and Cameron (1987) found that depression may limit the activities of paraplegics but not quadriplegics. 85% of respondents were clinically non-depressed and this may suggest an ability to cope with chronic adversity.
What is the impact of social participation on depression symptoms for adults with spinal cord injuries?
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