Burnout researchers have spent the past thirty nine years (1969-2007) examining the etiology, symptoms, progression, and impact of burnout, and the effectiveness of existing burnout interventions for oncology physicians and nurses. Considering the amount of research that has been conducted to explore the etiology and incidence of burnout in oncology, relatively few studies have been done to evaluate the success of potential interventions. Following the review of the literature is a discussion section, in which, themes and major issues are identified, through integration of the literature potential future burnout interventions are discussed, and areas that need further research are examined. Recommendations include modifying medical training, updating the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the replication and improvement of existing interventions.
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