Attachment patterns have been studied cross-culturally for decades providing a basis for understanding universal human development. Current attachment research suggests that within-group differences, such as socioeconomic status (SES), may be more significant than differences between cultures in the development of attachment style. Interpersonal attachment styles have been shown to affect cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning across the lifespan. Socioeconomic status has also been related to cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning across the lifespan. Socioeconomic status in the United States involves factors including access to resources such as housing, education, and health care that may be linked to the developmental process of attachment. This literature review includes an examination of the current body of attachment theory research, an exploration of socioeconomic status in the United States, and a discussion of the possible relationship between attachment and SES. The discussion on attachment patterns and socioeconomic status in the United States offers an investigation into remaining questions around how SES impacts attachment and informs the developmental process. The concluding summary considers implications for intervention and suggestions for future research.
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