Judicial and legal changes in divorce rules and precedents over the last two decades have led to increasing involvement by mental health professionals in child custody disputes. This involvement usually entails an evaluation of the child and parents, along with a recommendation to the court regarding custody. To date, there is little empirical evidence supporting the efficacy of methods typically used by professionals in making recommendations to the court. This paper will present a review of assessment methods currently used in resolving child custody disputes . It also will review the limited number of outcome studies on child custody disputes and methods used in litigation and mediation.
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