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Ballet Dancers' Turnout: A Study On Compensation and Self-Reported Injury

1 May 2005


Background and Purpose. A lack of information is available about injury in ballet dancers and its relationship to the amount of compensation acquired with excessive movement in the joints of the lower extremities and lumbar spine during external rotation at the hips that is required in ballet. The purpose of this study was to look at the relationship between injury and compensation at the lumbar spine, knee, and ankle when moving from parallel to first position in adolescent dancers.

Methods. Twenty-one adolescent dancers completed a self-reported injury survey and were measured with a rod and plumb line device for rotation at the hip, knees, and ankle, as well as with a flexible curve for lumbar spine movement.

Results. Of the twenty-one subjects, twenty appeared to demonstrate compensation at the lower extremities and eleven appeared to demonstrate an increase in lumbar lordosis. No significant difference between the injured and noninjured groups was found in terms of compensation at the lower extremities or lumbar spine.

Discussion and Conclusion. Although no significance was found, further studies should be conducted to determine if injury and compensation have a relationship.


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