With the escalating push by Opticians to expand their scope of practice to include refraction, an in-depth study of Optician's from countries all over the world was conducted to provide facts, motives, laws, education, and the desires of Optician's organizations. Optician's ability to refract varies worldwide. Canadian Opticians have aIready started refracting; Opticians in the United States, EngIand and New Zealand aspire to refract but struggle with legislative affairs. Australian's have little concern with refraction whereas South African Opticians have developed their own unique solution which will change Opticians in to Optometrists
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