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Prospective memory in children with ADHD

17 April 2001


Prospective memory capacity in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) was examined by comparing the prospective memory performance of a group of children suffering from ADHD against a control group. Participants included an experimental group of 21 children diagnosed with ADHD and a control group of 29 children all aged 7-12. Participants were assessed utilizing the Prospective Memory Paradigm of the Cogzilla computer program and the Vocabulary and Matrix Reasoning subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. Results demonstrated that children-with ADHD exhibit impaired capacity-in both event-based and time-based components of a prospective memory task and that the impairment is unrelated to intellectual abilities. The findings are discussed in terms of frontal lobe executive functions and working memory associated with ADHD and prospective memory.


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