A literature review was conducted to examine possible differences between the symptoms of sexually abused boys and girls and to explore the hypothesis that gender role socialization may explain these differences. Very few specific differences were noted, and a lack of differences was consistently reported in the literature. The common conception that !!boys act out and girls act inn was repeatedly not supported by the literature; this should lead researchers to reevaluate the notion that boys and girls necessarily manifest CSA symptoms differently and that gender role socialization plays a role in these differences.
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