Due to the increasing incidence of law suits involving malpractice claims in the United States, health professionals must be proactive in informing their patients about the risks and benefits, and the possible side effects of any procedure. A hand written entry in the patient's record or the patient's signature on a consent form should be completed for each of the following: pupillary dilation or a cycloplegic examination, the use of contact lenses and their care, particularly with extended wear soft contact lenses, and prolonged drug therapies as found in the treatment of glaucoma. In addition to discussing the issues necessary to understand informed consent, this paper includes forms that may be helpful for the practitioner.
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