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The effects of fast music on motivation and perceived exertion during aerobic and anaerobic exercise

1 May 1992


The purpose of this study was to determine if fast (140-144 b.p.m.) music, as opposed to no music, played during aerobic and anaerobic stationary bicycling would alter the outcome of the exercise program as measured in both miles travelled and the ratings of perceived exertion.

After meeting specific fitness criteria, forty female subjects completed the study. Each subject was randomly assigned to one of four groups: aerobic music group, aerobic nonmusic group, anaerobic music group, and anaerobic nonmusic group. Aerobic exercise was defined as 15 minutes of continuous submaximal stationary bicycling and anaerobic exercise was defined as 2 minutes of maximal intensity stationary bicycling followed by 2 minutes of show submaximal recovery pedaling for a total riding interval of 12 minutes. Following recovery from the activity, all subjects rated their degree of physical effort via Borg's perceived exertion scale (RPE).

At the .05 level, a two-way and on-way completely randomized ANOVA statistical test was used to determine if both RPE and distance travelled was significantly different between the music and nonmusic groups for both aerobic and anaerobic exercise. A post hoc statistical test was used to further decipher the main experimental effect. The results of this study indicated statistical significance for miles travelled per minute when listening to fast (140-144 b.p.m.) upbeat music. The greatest performance was demonstrated by the aerobic music group. There was no statistically significant difference in RPE between the music and nonmusic groups either aerobically or anaerobically.


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