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Research Article

Positive Peace in the Middle East

1 November 2011


Drawing on the work of peace theorist Johan Galtung, I will suggest in this talk that real peace in the Middle East can be achieved only by addressing what Galtung has identified as six dimensions of violence: (1) physical vs. non-physical violence, (2) negative vs. positive aspects of violence, (3) who/what is the object of violence, (4) who/what is the subject of violence, (5) intended vs. unintended violence, and (6) manifest vs. latent violence. However, I will also argue that Galtung's dimensions are not adequate to produce positive peace. The thesis herein, then, is modest: a necessary condition for positive peace in the Middle East is the recognition and respect of personal and group identities.


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