Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of many common and devastating effects of sexual assault. Although many forms of intervention exist for rape-related PTSD, very few controlled studies have been conducted to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of treatments for this population. A broad range of psychological interventions for the treatment of rape-related PTSD is reviewed, with special attention given to empirical reports. Overall, several behavioral treatments, with either single or multiple components, have been found to result in a decrease or remission of rape-related symptoms. The few studies that include a wait-list control group have corroborated these findings. Suggestions for future research are offered with respect to methodology and treatment access.
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