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A Review of the Impact of Gender Self-Confidence on Attitudes toward Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People

1 January 2014


The United States has increasingly politicized lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues over the past decade. The elimination of laws, such as “don’t ask, don’t tell” and the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), illuminates how the country appears to be making changes in regards to overall attitudes toward LGB people. At the same time, anti-gay violence and LGB bullying in school continues to exist. These conflicting attitudes toward LGB people in the United States require further examination in order to work toward the prevention of discrimination. Researchers have identified a variety of factors that either negatively or positively impact heterosexual peoples’ attitudes toward LGB persons, such as geography, contact, education, and religiosity, among other factors. This paper focuses specifically on the impact of gender self-confidence (and gender more broadly) on attitudes toward LGB people. Positive gender self-confidence is proposed as a variable that may be associated with more positive attitudes toward LGB people.


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