This review summarizes and evaluates research published from 1999-2008 studying the efficacy of group psychotherapy for adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Several studies compared group psychotherapy and individual psychotherapy. Several different populations were examined, including individuals with chronic mental illness, HIV/AIDS, low socioeconomic status, and inmates. Most studies were conducted on an outpatient basis, while some examined the use of groups for inpatient populations. While most groups focused on treating female survivors, some groups worked with male survivors as well. Overall, group psychotherapy was effective in symptom reduction, regardless of theoretical orientation or treatment duration. Future research is needed with several populations, specifically males and individuals with chronic mental illness or severe symptom presentation.
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