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The Role of Mindfulness and Acculturation in Binge Drinking Behavior Among Asian-American College Students

16 July 2010


Binge drinking is a considerable problem for many college and universities. Alcohol use, and accompanying consequences have often been minimized when considering Asian-Americans due to a lower rate of alcohol dependence. The prevalence of alcohol related problems is unclear however, because of the vast number and differences between Asian subgroup cultures. Furthermore, it has also been suggested that mindfulness and acculturation both moderate alcohol use and binge drinking behavior. Eighty-five Asian-American undergraduate students completed surveys that measured acculturation, mindfulness, and drinking behavior. The analysis for subgroup differences in alcohol consumption was not significant (F(9,75)= .66, p=.74). Subgroup differences for binge drinking however, were significant (F(9,75)=2.11, p=.04) with Hmong students reported the greatest frequency of binge drinking (M=3.5, SD=.71) and Taiwanese, Japanese, and Vietnamese all reported the lowest frequency of binge drinking (M=1.0 SD=0.0). Mindfulness was found to be a significant negative predictor of binge drinking behavior (β = -.30, p =.003), whereas acculturation was not (β = -.10, p =.32). The interaction between alcohol use and mindfulness was not significant, nor was the interaction between alcohol use and acculturation. Thus it is can be interpreted that mindfulness is a negative predictor of binge drinking behavior however; higher awareness does not necessarily cause less binge drinking behavior.


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