Objectification theory and social comparison theory provide the foundation for understanding the development of body dissatisfaction in women, which is a risk factor for disordered eating. Previous treatment of body dissatisfaction has typically focused on decreasing negative body image, through methods that focus on teaching media literacy and decreasing the internalization of the thin ideal. More recent research has discovered that this approach may not encompass the complexity of body dissatisfaction. Therefore, the promotion of positive body image should also be utilized, through prevention methods focusing on self-compassion and body appreciation. A decrease in body dissatisfaction and the severity of disordered eating in women may be possible through the promotion of positive body image.
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