Studies have shown that people diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have significantly lower self-esteem than their peers (Wender, 2000). This, combined with the characteristics of the disorder, suggests that people who are diagnosed with ADHD are more likely to have lower levels of hope. To test this hypothesis, the researchers used two different scales to measure hope levels in 90 undergraduate students, 9 diagnosed with ADHD. This small sample size hindered the ability to draw diverse conclusions. The Hope Index Scale showed a significant difference in Hope levels between the two groups. The Adult Dispositional Hope Scale did not. Further investigation and exploration into the two scales could further define our construct of Hope. Having a larger sample size would help researchers achieve a better understanding of ADHD and its relationship with Hope.
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