This article is designed as an informative and comprehensive literature review about the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) that causes the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome(AIDS) and the implications of AIDS on the practice of optometry. This article is divided into three sections: the first section describes the effect of the virus upon the body's immune system and reports current statistics regarding the spread and mortality rate of AIDS. The second section is a practitioner's guide on how to detect the particular signs and symptoms of the more common ocular diseases affecting AIDS patients. The third section describes the transmissibility of the HIV from patient to practitioner, or from patient to patient via the optometric office.
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