The current retrospective study examined the treatment effectiveness of a residential treatment center (RTC) for adolescent males using a psychotropic medication reduction protocol. Of 226 participants 64% were admitted on medication, with 69% of those on multiple medications. At admission, those on medication endorsed more emotional and behavioral symptoms. Those admitted without medication had better program compliance. Two-thirds of those admitted on medication had all medications discontinued. The majority remaining on medication had a decrease in number of medications. At discharge and follow up periods, all participants, regardless of medication status, generally fared equally, lending support for the RTC program and its use of the medication protocol. Implications and suggestions for future research are included.
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