This critical literature review examines the related cross-cultural issues linked to the traditional form of Morita therapy, as it has been adapted to western contexts. Some differences between Japanese and Western cultures are explored to determine whether Morita therapy techniques can be used with Western clients. Two essential questions are addressed: How can Morita therapy be adapted into a western context? How can Western mental health professionals be adaptive, flexible, and culturally sensitive when using Morita therapy? The author looks at Eastern versus Western philosophical approaches and Morita therapy being used with inpatient and outpatient clients in Japan and outpatient settings in Western cultures to help answer the first question. ·The second question is reviewed by addressing literature looking at how Morita therapy and Western psychotherapy models are similar and different. The author also explores literature discussing the client-therapist relationship to help answer the second question. A discussion outlining the possible answers to the above questions and suggestions for future research is presented.
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