The concepts of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout are present in any given field, but appear to be especially salient in health care careers, including mental health. Researchers have begun to gain more knowledge regarding the concepts of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout, but less is known about the impact they have on graduate level psychology trainees. Evidence based practice in psychology, as defined by the American Psychological Association (2006), “is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences” with the purpose being “ to promote effective psychological practice and enhance public health by applying empirically supported principles of psychological assessment, case formulation, therapeutic relationship, and intervention” (p. 273). Although the emphasis in APA accredited graduate level training programs is heavily focused on evidence based practice (EBP), which is often commonly tied to theoretical orientation, little is known regarding the potential impact of the use and type of theoretical orientation and EBPs as a protective factor against burnout, compassion fatigue, and compassion satisfaction.
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