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The effects of mindfulness training on mindfulness, self-compassion, locus of control, and self-efficacy

26 July 2013


In this study I examined the effects of mindfulness training on eight variables: self-compassion, self-efficacy, locus of control, and five facets of mindfulness (Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonjudging of Inner Experience, and Nonreactivity to Inner Experience) in a graduate student sample. Self-report data was collected from an intervention group (n = 23) throughout a 14-week mindfulness training course, and at 3-month follow-up, and compared to data from a control group (n = 21). The results reflected statistically significant increases in the intervention group’s reported levels of self-compassion, Observing, Nonjudging of Inner Experience, and Nonreactivity to Inner Experience that were not replicated in the control group. There were no statistically significant differences between groups in the other variables. The results of this study suggest that some facets of mindfulness are increased through mindfulness training. These findings also provide empirical support for the relationship between mindfulness and self-compassion, and suggest the possibility of increased self-compassion as part of the mechanism of change in mindfulness-based interventions.


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