The gap between the number of individuals in the United States who need organ transplantation and the number of donated organs is formidable and increasing on an annual basis. Kidneys represent the most needed organ. People can register to become cadaveric organ donors or, in the case of kidneys, can also volunteer to be living donors. Women in the United States have served as living kidney donors with significantly greater frequency than men. Current literature indicates that primary concerns for prospective male donors include short-and long-term health and negative financial repercussions. The researcher provided general information about the organ donation process and a fictitious vignette about an individual who needed a kidney to 499 respondents. Approximately half of respondents also received short- and long-term recovery-related information (RRI). Respondents completed a condensed and revised version of the Organ Donation Attitude Scale (ODAS) as well as open and closed questions on a brief questionnaire. The researcher analyzed results via a 2 x 2 ANOVA and found that overall, women showed a more positive attitude than men for serving as a living donor (p = .015), regardless of RRI. A pairwise comparison indicated a significant difference between men who received RRI (M = 103.20, SD = 13.99) compared to those who did not (M = 98.19, SD = 16.51).
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