This dissertation examines how the genders differ in their expression of depressive symptoms in an effort to explore whether depression is experienced differently by men and women. To this end, I review gender differences in endorsement of symptoms on a commonly used measure of depressive symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). I also review literature about gender stereotypes. The study trends are summarized and then compared to predictions based on gender stereotypes. Possible explanations are explored for the BDI-based findings and their conformance with gender stereotypes. The imp1ications that these conclusions could have for clinical work are discussed, and suggestions for future research are offered.
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