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The epidemiology of eye/vision disorders within optometric practice

1 May 1999


To determine the distribution of eye/vision disorders seen and treated by optometrists, twenty-four optometrists within various modes of practice were asked to complete a survey that focused on cases presented to them in practice. Of 597 cases examined, refractive error was found to be the most prevalent eye/vision disorder diagnosed (76%), followed by ocular disease (22%). The frequency of near point disorders, binocular anomalies, ocular motility disorders, and perceptual dysfunction presented in practice was less than twenty-one percent. Lens therapy was the treatment modality most commonly used to manage refractive errors, ocular disease, nearpoint disorders, binocular coordination, and ocular motility. Approximately 8% of 597 cases were managed with vision therapy, while 4% were managed with TPA's. The frequency of cases referred was 5%. The data in this study provides eye care providers what optometrists actually do in practice, as presented by case load.


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