Background: Morbidly obese individuals carry with them the burden of possibly developing related conditions including hypertension, Type 2 Diabetes, stroke, sleep apnea, and myocardial infarction. Obesity has become a serious and life changing condition that has long term complications and consequences if left untreated. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery has become the most widely used method in the treatment of morbid obesity and control of Type 2 Diabetes.
Hypothesis: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery provides a more effective approach to morbid obesity and Type 2 Diabetes.
Study Design: Exhaustive search of available medical literature.
Methods: Literature search of CINAHL, PubMed, Ovid, Google Scholar, EJournals and search terms Roux-en-y, bariatric surgery, diabetes, surgery for obesity.
Results: The studies reviewed confirmed that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass provides significant improvement in weight loss and modification of Type 2 Diabetes.
Conclusion: When factors such as Type 2 Diabetes secondary to or contributing to morbid obesity, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery should be a strong consideration.
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