Current treatments of Social Phobia are less effective for those with Generalized Social Phobia than those with Specific Social Phobia. Research on behavioral inhibition by Jerome Kagan and his colleagues identifies a temperamental predisposition that is increasingly being recognized as linked to Social Phobia. This dissertation reviews both bodies of literature and the literature that links behavioral inhibition as a distal contributor to the development of Social Phobia. As Social Phobia treatments do not address this distal contributor, the final section suggests a component informed by behavioral inhibition research to improve treatment outcome for Generalized Social Phobia patients.
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