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Gender bias in athletics: Are girls' needs being met?

1 August 1994


Gender bias in athletics is a relatively new phenomenon. Until recently, women did not compete in many sports. Title IX revolutionized athletics for women by threatening to take away federal funds from institutions that did not treat women equally on the field and off. Title IX was passed in 1972 and came into full effect in 1975. This paper explores the effects Title IX has twenty years after its inception. The paper is a study of a rural school located in one of Oregon's remote timber communities. Through surveys, interviews, and observations, data was collected regarding the school's compliance with Title IX. The research began from these three questions: Does discrimination still occur in athletics? Is there a measurable academic difference between female and male athletes? The findings were that the school follows the basic letter of the law but not the spirit of the law. Discrimination does still occur in athletics at the school but there was no measurable academic difference between female and male athletes. Female athletes did tend to be involved in more activities than the male athletes, though. With few exceptions the findings are consistent with reports of gender bias in athletics from the review of the existing literature.


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