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Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, Self-Efficacy, and Locus of Control: Examining Relationships between Four Distinct but Theoretically Related Concepts

23 July 2010


The benefits of mindfulness have been well established in psychological literature. The theoretically related construct of self-compassion also offers a number of psychological benefits. Self-compassion consists of self-kindness, connection to humanity, and mindfulness. This study examined the relationship between trait mindfulness and various components of self-compassion. Correlations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and two other constructs related to positive psychological functioning, general self-efficacy, and internal locus of control, were also examined. The sample consisted of 151 graduate students of a university in the Pacific Northwest. Self-report scales were used to measure the constructs. All of the correlations between constructs were significant, and were medium to strong in size. Mindfulness under adverse conditions was correlated with trait mindfulness. When the state mindfulness component was removed from the self-compassion scale, self-compassion was still correlated with trait mindfulness. This study offers empirical support to the theoretical relationship between mindfulness and self-compassion. Given the strength of the relationship between these two constructs, mindfulness will likely be an important aspect of interventions aimed at increasing self-compassion.


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