The relationship between resilience, unsupportive social interactions (USIs), and distress was examined among 100 women (ages 21 to 48) with current fertility problems using a cross-sectional quasi-experimental study design. Contrary to expectation, resilience was not significantly correlated with unsupportive social interactions (p = .263) or distress (p = .052). USIs accounted for 23% of the variance in predicting distress (p < .0005) and duration of fertility problems accounted for an additional 4.3% of the variance (p < .0005) when added to the model. USIs were also found to have less of an impact on distress for participants with longer histories of fertility problems. Results provide support for assessing for USIs when working with women with fertility problems, as helping them learn to better manage USIs could alleviate distress, particularly for women in the earlier stages of coping with fertility problems.
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