This paper critically examines existing literature regarding gender differences in anger expression as they are mediated by situational context. Empirical investigations seeking to clarify the role of gender in anger expression show that differences cannot be attributed simply to one's gender. Rather, evidence suggests that a multi-dimensional model incorporating various factors offers a more accurate and complex description of anger expression. These factors include: the type of relationship of those involved in an anger episode; antecedents to anger; responses to anger; and anger targets. Other processes that may influence those factors include gender role identity, gender stereotypes, and social-emotional development. ii
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