Every year 500,000 to 700,000 persons in the United States suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI) requiring hospitalization (Brzuzy & Speziale, 1997). More accurate prediction of functional outcome would be useful for post discharge long range planning for both clinicians and families (Shaw & Groom, 1996; Torkelson, Jellinek, Malec, & Harvey, 1983). Additionally, there is a need to identify predictive factors that are amenable to intervention, so that they may be included in rehabilitation programs. Although cognitive deficits are typically the focus of TBI assessment and treatment, social and emotional difficulties are often the most troublesome sequelae of TBI, are associated with poor adjustment (Kaplan, 1991;. Morton & Wehman, 1995; Schalen, Hansson, Nordstrom, & Nordstrom, 1994; Stratton & Gregory, 1995; Thomsen, 1991) and can likely be improved with training (McGann, Werven, & Douglas, 1997; Prigatano & Fordyce, 1987; Salovey & Mayer, 1990). This study investigates the role of two specific psychosocial skills in improving the prediction of outcome following TBI, namely emotion recognition ability and awareness of deficit.
Files are restricted to Pacific University. Sign in to view.