Clinical Bottom Line: Neuromuscular training programs aimed at improving knee mechanics in athletic activity may demonstrate a decrease in ACL tears; They are generally feasible and cost effective. The exact design of the most effective program is still unknown.
Clinical Scenario: At the high school and college levels, the total financial burden of serious knee injuries in female athletes alone was expected to near $100 million in 1999 (Hewett, Lindenfeld, Riccobene 1999). These costs are in addition to the traumatic effect on the athlete, including the potential loss of a season of sports participation, loss of scholarship funding, and the ensuing effects on the athlete's mental health and academic performance. We would like to know if there are training programs that can demonstrate a significant reduction in ACL tears with an emphasis on the female athlete.
Clinical Answerable Question: Population: Athletes between the ages of 14-40 with an emphasis on females. Intervention: Training programs that emphasize an opportunity to reduce knee injury. Comparison: A control group that does not receive the training program. Outcome: ACL tears
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