This study examined predictors of depression treatment dropout utilizing data from a previous study that investigated the effectiveness of brief individual and group cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. Four categories of predictors were tested: demographic variables, depression-related variables, additional problems and disorders, and treatment-related variables. Some variables were examined in an attempt to replicate previous research and some were examined for exploratory purposes. Similar to previous studies that looked at ethnicity as a predictor of treatment dropout, this study found that ethnic minority clients were significantly more likely to drop out of treatment than were Caucasian clients. None of the other 20 variables tested in this study were found to be significantly predictive of treatment dropout. The results of this study suggest that an individual's likelihood of dropping out of treatment can be predicted based on their ethnicity. Ethnic minority clients can be identified at intake and strategies can be developed and implemented to better engage them in treatment and reduce their likelihood of dropping out.
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